Despite Their Parents’ Fears, Young People Embrace a Public Role in the Struggle for Immigrant Rights

Yadira Munguia listens to David Buenrostro, of the California Immigrant Youth Justice Alliance, outside the USCIS Office in San Francisco on June 20, 2017, where a rally was held in support of Munguia’s detained husband, Hugo Mejia. Photo: Alexis Terrazas

As the crowd swelled in front of the glass doors at the US Citizen and Immigration Services (USCIS) building in San Francisco’s Financial District, Sandy stood with her megaphone in defiance.  As the Statewide Coordinator for the California Immigrant Youth Justice Alliance (CIYJA) she helped organize the rally.

“The new administration’s deportation system is out to get all of us,” yelled Sandy.  “So we need to stand in solidarity just like we are here today.”

Roughly 100 people gathered at the USCIS building on June 5, many holding signs that read, “No human being is illegal” and “Free Hugo and Rodrigo.”  The protesters were demanding an end to the targeted attacks on immigrant communities, and calling for the release of Hugo Mejia and Rodrigo Nuñez, two Bay Area men who were recently detained by immigration agents while at work.

My parents don’t want to be in front of the cameras…we know that we are carrying our families on our backs when we do this work.”


“We all know there is no just immigration system, that the system is made not to benefit us,” Sandy said. “Hugo and Rodrigo unfortunately are victims of this system.”

Sandy is undocumented, but her immigration status hasn’t deterred her from fighting on the frontlines for immigrant rights — and she is aware of the risks.  In 2015, she was arrested by San Francisco Police for occupying Sen. Dianne Feinstein’s San Francisco office in protest of a bill that would violate the city’s sanctuary city ordinance.

Sandy, and other young activists say they are fighting, not just for themselves but also for their parents and older generations who have not been as willing or able to be so public with their activism.  Putting themselves in situations that could lead to their arrest and deportation has won them many admirers, but also concern.

“Of course it scares me that something may happen to my daughter,” said Sandy’s father, who declined to state his name.

“My parents don’t want to be in front of the cameras,” Sandy said.  “We know that we are carrying our families on our backs when we do this work. We’re doing something that they didn’t have the opportunity to do. Maybe it’s not that they didn’t want to, but they didn’t have the opportunity. Especially, because now we’re more united, we’re more organized to respond.”

At the rally Sandy is interpreting for Yadira Munguia, whose husband of 18 years, Hugo Mejia, was arrested by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) on May 3rd at his job, around 50 miles northeast of San Francisco.

Yadira Munguia and her husband Hugo Mejia alongside their three children; courtesy: Yadira Munguia

Mejia and his friend Rodrigo Nuñez were employees of S&R Drywall construction company, working at a hospital located at Travis Air Force Base in Fairfield, California, which is not a sanctuary city. When military officials asked them for I.D. and Social Security numbers, the men handed over their Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers (ITIN), something many undocumented immigrants use as their Social Security number. When officials learned the men were undocumented, they were arrested and detained by ICE agents.

This kind of public activism is something Munguia had never considered before her husband was detained.  Although she’s been in the United States for 16 years, the married mother of three kept a low-profile, a lifestyle that many undocumented parents — even those who are residents of sanctuary cities like San Francisco — feel compelled to live.

“We always tried to do things right; not getting into trouble, paying our taxes, not asking anything from the government, always just trying to do things ourselves. Not trying to make ourselves visible,” Munguia told Feet in 2 Worlds in Spanish. “My fear is gone, because if I want Hugo and Rodrigo to be released, then I have to fight alongside those who are helping me.”

Young, undocumented and unafraid

It was through meeting youth activists like Sandy, that Munguia first saw the stark contrast between her generation and today’s undocumented youth. Unlike their parents who brought them here as children, many of these young people are opting for a life of activism and public advocacy.

“[Undocumented parents] have a lot to lose,” Sandy said, whose father is also undocumented. Even at school, a parent worries about letting their kid’s teacher know about their immigration status, Sandy added. “You never know who you’re sharing that information with.  You never know what’s going to happen, if they’re going to call ICE.  And especially now, people are very fearful.”

Munguia admires the work that these young activists are doing, not only for her husband, but for immigrants in general.

“I began to speak … [with a CIYJA organizer] and she told me she didn’t have papers, just like me, and I told her, ‘I admire you even more,’” Munguia said in Spanish. “I asked her, ‘Are you scared?’ And she said ‘No.’ I told my friends, ‘I can’t believe these young people, who are undocumented like us, are speaking up and helping numerous people.’  For me, it’s admirable what they’re doing.”

Sandy began organizing in 2011 as part of the DREAM Alliance of Sonoma County, fighting the record number of deportations being carried out during Obama’s presidency. Now, under the Trump administration, she is not only fighting against deportations and for immigrant rights, but for the preservation of sanctuary city policies.

Sandy is arrested in 2015 for protesting outside Sen. Dianne Feinstein’s office to uphold San Francisco’s sanctuary city ordinance; photo: Alexis Terrazas

But the boldness of these young people who are undocumented has many parents worried.

In 1997 Sandy’s father immigrated to Vallejo, a Bay Area city roughly 30 miles north of San Francisco. After his first year living in the U.S. he recognized the opportunity for a better life and moved his family, including Sandy with him.

“My daughter has always been brave and determined.  And from the first moment she became involved [in activism], I saw that … she cared about the problems that all of us immigrants face.  For young people, like my daughter, to care and to fight for our rights, it fills me with pride.”

But this sort of activism comes at a cost.

In May, Claudia Rueda, a 22-year-old immigrant rights activist from Los Angeles, was detained by border patrol as she was moving her family’s car outside their Boyle Heights home.  Sandy believes Rueda was detained in retaliation for fighting her mother’s deportation case.

“Her detention has definitely shaken me a little, in terms of how unashamed this new administration is,” Sandy said. “That scared me. … because we’re constantly putting our faces in front of the line. It’s very easy to be singled out and attacked… But we know that if it’s not us, then it’s going to be somebody else who is going to be attacked.”

A history of sanctuary

San Francisco can trace its history as a sanctuary city to 1985, when the Board of Supervisors passed the “City of Refuge” Resolution, which declared the city a sanctuary for the estimated 60,000 to 100,000 Salvadoran and Guatemalan refugees in the Bay Area fleeing political violence and persecution.  That resolution was expanded to a Sanctuary Ordinance in 1989 and reaffirmed in 2007 by then-Mayor Gavin Newsom, which prohibits city employees from aiding ICE agents in arresting or investigating undocumented immigrants.

Though Sandy’s father doesn’t live in San Francisco, he like Hugo Mejia and Rodrigo Nuñez works in construction, and being in a sanctuary city makes him feel safer.

“At any given moment, we can go there without fear,” Sandy’s father said. “There should be more [sanctuary cities].”

One of the Trump administration’s first actions was to threaten sanctuary cities like San Francisco with cuts to federal funding, alleging that these cities are harbors for criminals.  This threat is part of a broader agenda by President Trump to restrict immigration and deport 2 to 3 million undocumented immigrants in the immediate future.

The anxiety being felt by immigrants in the current political climate is taking its toll, even on those who were inspired by the DREAMer movement during the Obama administration to be more outspoken about immigrant rights and being undocumented.

Augustine, a 24-year-old man originally from Mexico who requested that his real name not be used, is one such immigrant. Augustine’s family immigrated to San Francisco when he was three in search of a better living opportunity, but they soon discovered new hardships and fears awaited them in the United States.

“People in Latin America flee to escape dictatorships in their own countries,” he said.  “But then they arrive, they get scared when they come here and see that things are not as expected.”

At one point Augustine felt emboldened enough to serve on the City’s Youth Commission and tell his story to large crowds at public events.

Since Mr. Trump took office, Augustine has become more guarded because he feels that speaking out could be dangerous. He relies on the Obama-initiated program, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and with the recent push by Republican officials for Trump to end DACA, Augustine feels reluctant to be as public as he once was.

But he remains committed to working within the immigrant rights movement and supporting undocumented people.  He currently attends City College of San Francisco and hopes to one day become an immigration attorney.

“I’m trying to make an impact in a meaningful way,” he said.  “I want to be a voice for others.”

Sandy interprets for Yadira Munguia as she pleads for the release of her detained husband, Hugo Mejia; photo: Alexis Terrazas

Augustine and Sandy feel that they, and countless others brought here as children, are just as deserving of basic human rights as any other American, and they’re prepared to fight for them.

“I think it comes from not having anything to lose,” Sandy said.  “Resisting is our way of living with all these systems that continue criminalizing us and trying to push us out.”

And for that, Sandy’s father is grateful.

“This country is really great, and all of us immigrants cooperate to make it great … There should be more sons and daughters that fight for all of us immigrants.”

“I had a lot of hope that me and my family would be able to legally stay in this country,” said Sandy’s father, who, like many parents felt the sting when another Obama-era program, Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents, also known as DAPA, was recently revoked by the Trump administration.  The program, in a similar way to DACA, intended to offer a three-year renewable work permit and exemption from deportation for undocumented parents whose children are either permanent residents or citizens of the U.S.

“My parents are very fearful of the work that I do. But also, they know that it’s needed. Someone has to do the work to make sure that things like this don’t happen,” Sandy said.


This article was written by Alexis Terrazas and Destiny Arroyo as part of a collaboration between Feet in 2 Worlds and El Tecolote, San Francisco’s Latino bilingual newspaper serving the Bay Area since 1970. Special thanks to New America Media.

Read More stories from our magazine, Is It Safe Here? Redefining Sanctuary In The Trump Era.

Fi2W is supported by the David and Katherine Moore Family Foundation, the Ralph E. Odgen Foundation, The J.M. Kaplan Fund, an anonymous donor and readers like you.

AboutAlexis Terrazas
Alexis Terrazas began as editor-in-chief of El Tecolote in June of 2014. A San Francisco native with extensive experience, both as a reporter and as an editor, he was awarded a Peninsula Press Club Herb Caen scholarship in 2006, before going on to study journalism at San Francisco State University. While at State he earned many journalism awards and did some writing for El Tecolote. He graduated in 2010 and began work for the San Francisco Examiner as a sports writer.